Demodicosis In Dogs
“Demodicosis occurs when Demodex mites proliferate in the skin”
Demodex mites are normal flora in dogs.
When mites proliferate in the skin (most often the hair follicle), they can cause serious skin problems.
What are symptoms of demodicosis ?
Demodicosis can develop at any age.
The symptoms are include:
_Skin lesions and sores.
_Foul odor (coming from the skin lesions).
_Hair loss and bald spots.
What are forms of demodicosis ?
_ Localized Demodicosis: occurs on only a few areas of the body, symptoms are usually mild, lesions with occurring in patches, especially on the face, trunk, or legs.
_ Generalized Demodicosis: occurs over a pet’s entire body, symptoms will be more widespread and appear across the body.
_ Demodectic Pododermatitis: is a form of demodicosis that is confined to the paws.
How to treat ?
Common treatments for demodicosis include benzoyl peroxide shampoos, dips, anti-parasitic medications, topical ointments, and antibiotics to treat bacterial infections.
Anti-parasitic medications are more choices:
_ 10% moxidectin and 2.5% imidacloprid (Advocate): spot on every 2 weeks.
_ Amitraz liquid (Mitaban): Use 0.025% (0.25 mg/ml) dip every two weeks for three to six topical treatments until no live mites are found.
_ Ivermectin: 300-600 mcg/kg body weight oral q24h (but dogs should have a negative heartworm test result before use).
_ Doramectin (Dectomax): 300-600 mcg/kg body weight injection once weekly.
_ Milbemycin oxime (Interceptor): Oral with dose ranges of 0.5 to 3.1 mg/kg/day.
How to prevent ?
Spot on Advocate or oral Interceptor / Heartgard once a month year round.