Demodicosis In Dogs - White Ocean Vet Clinic

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Demodicosis In Dogs

“Demodicosis occurs when Demodex mites proliferate in the skin”

 31-07-01

Demodex mites are normal flora in dogs.

When mites proliferate in the skin (most often the hair follicle), they can cause serious skin problems.

 What are symptoms of demodicosis ?

Demodicosis can develop at any age.                       31-07-02

The symptoms are include:

_Persistent itching.

_Skin lesions and sores.

_Foul odor (coming from the skin lesions).

_Hair loss and bald spots.

_Skin redness.

_Skin scaling/scabbing/crusting.

 

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What are forms of demodicosis ?

_ Localized Demodicosis: occurs on only a few areas of the body, symptoms are usually mild, lesions with occurring in patches, especially on the face, trunk, or legs.

_ Generalized Demodicosis: occurs over a pet’s entire body, symptoms will be more widespread and appear across the body.

_ Demodectic Pododermatitis: is a form of demodicosis that is confined to the paws.

How to treat ?

Common treatments for demodicosis include benzoyl peroxide shampoos, dips, anti-parasitic medications, topical ointments, and antibiotics to treat bacterial infections.       31-07-06 31-07-05

Anti-parasitic medications are more choices:

_ 10% moxidectin and 2.5% imidacloprid (Advocate): spot on every 2 weeks.

_ Amitraz liquid (Mitaban): Use 0.025% (0.25 mg/ml) dip every two weeks for three to six topical treatments until no live mites are found.

_ Ivermectin: 300-600 mcg/kg body weight oral q24h (but dogs should have a negative heartworm test result before use).          31-07-07

_ Doramectin (Dectomax): 300-600 mcg/kg body weight injection once weekly.

_ Milbemycin oxime (Interceptor): Oral with dose ranges of 0.5 to 3.1 mg/kg/day.

 

 

How to prevent ?

Spot on Advocate or oral Interceptor / Heartgard once a month year round.

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